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Culinary world bids farewell to Lyon’s ‘pope’ Paul Bocuse

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Funeral of Paul Bocuse in Lyon Reuters 路透社

More than 1,500 chefs from around the world, along with thousands of fans of French cuisine, gathered in Lyon on Friday to honour their culinary "pope" Paul Bocuse, who died last Saturday aged 91.


"Monsieur Paul", known as much for his culinary flair as for his love of hearty traditional fare, would probably have preferred a simple ceremony at the small church in the village of Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or. But "that was not possible" given the huge crowd expected, his son Jérôme said.

Instead, the ceremony was held at Lyon's Saint-Jean Cathedral, with two giant screens installed outside for the expected spillover crowd.

To honour him, Bocuse’s culinary colleagues were clad in their chef whites for the ceremony. Among the chefs attending the funeral were Alain Ducasse, whom Bocuse considered his spiritual "son", the Troisgros brothers, Anne-Sophie Pic and Yannick Alléno.

'Pope' Paul

More than 1,500 chefs from around the world, along with thousands of fans of French cuisine, gathered in Lyon on Friday to honour their culinary "pope" Paul Bocuse, who died last Saturday aged 91.

"Monsieur Paul", known as much for his culinary flair as for his love of hearty traditional fare, would probably have preferred a simple ceremony at the small church in the village of Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or. But "that was not possible" given the huge crowd expected, his son Jérôme said.

Instead, the ceremony was held at Lyon's Saint-Jean Cathedral, with two giant screens installed outside for the expected spillover crowd.

To honour him, Bocuse’s culinary colleagues were clad in their chef whites for the ceremony. Among the chefs attending the funeral were Alain Ducasse, whom Bocuse considered his spiritual "son", the Troisgros brothers, Anne-Sophie Pic and Yannick Alléno.

American Thomas Keller as well as Daniel Boulud, based in New York, also came, as did Hiroyuki Hiramatsu, who heads the Bocuse brasseries in Japan.

"He's a god, not only in the world of French cuisine, but in the entire world of cuisine," Japanese chef Kazunori Nakatani said ahead of the ceremony. "Good produce, well-seasoned, good cooking: that is good cuisine," he added, switching to French to reel off his mentor's golden rules. "These are the words that will stay with me."

The government was represented by Gerard Collomb, the interior minister who is a former mayor of Lyon.

The government was represented by Gerard Collomb, the interior minister who is a former mayor of Lyon.

Bocuse helped shake up the food world in the 1970s with the Nouvelle Cuisine revolution, sweeping away the rich and heavy sauces of yesteryear in favour of super-fresh ingredients, sleek aesthetics and innovation.

He routinely did his own shopping at the Lyon market, inspecting the produce available and then planning his dishes for the day.

In doing so, he also helped usher in the era of the celebrity chef.

"He was one of the greatest figures of French gastronomy, the General Charles de Gaulle of cuisine," said French food critic François Simon.

The heart of his empire, L'Auberge du Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or, his father's village inn near Lyon in food-obsessed southeastern France, earned three Michelin stars in 1965, and never lost a single one – a singular achievement.

French restaurant Chef Paul Bocuse poses, on November 15, 1973 in his kitchen with his staff prior to prepare meals in Lyon. AFP

Bocuse, who had suffered from Parkinson's disease for several years, died in the room above the restaurant, the same one in which he was born.

"Good cooking for me is when you lift up the lid and it smells delicious, and you reach for a second helping," Bocuse wrote a few years before his illness struck.

A staunch upholder of tradition as well as an innovator, he kept several of his trademark dishes at the Auberge unchanged for decades, including the black truffle soup he created for French president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing in 1975.

Born into a family of cooks since 1765, Bocuse began his apprenticeship at the age of 16 and came to epitomise a certain type of French epicurean – a lover of fine wine, food and women.

Besides his wife Raymonde, Bocuse long maintained relationships with two mistresses.

"I don't regret anything in my life," Bocuse once said, "except perhaps the pain I may have caused the women in my life. I hope they will forgive me."